Disable Preloader

IVF - In Vitro Fertilization in TURKEY

Azoospermia

Azoospermia

Azoospermia is the condition describing a complete lack of sperm cells in the ejaculate. There is a 1% incidence in all men and 10-15% incidence in infertile men. Azoospermia is divided into three categories: pre-testicular, testicular and post testicular. Pre testicular azoospermia usually has endocrinological causes which affect spermatogenesis. Hypogonadotrophic hypogonadism can cause azoospermia but can be treated with hormone replacement therapy. Primary testicular failure applies to problems relating to the testicles specifically. Post testicular problems usually relate to ejaculation dysfunction or obstruction in the ducts. Incidences of this nature are found in 40% of the cases.

Pre and post testicular abnormalities are treatable. Testicular failure is irreversible. Varicocele is excluded from this group however. Another way of categorizing azoospermia is by dividing up groups based on whether or not the ducts are blocked. Obstructive azoospermia: Although there is sperm production in the testes, the ducts which move the sperm are blocked (e.g. due to a previous infection). These patients can have cells removed from their testes or surrounding ducts with the help of an injector and fine needle. Non-Obstructive Azoospermia: In this case there is no sperm production, or tissue biopsy indicates immature cells do not complete the maturation process. This type of azoospermia maybe due to several reasons: undescended testicles, genetic or environmental reasons are some. Doctors take small samples of tissue from the testicles by making small incisions or using a fine needle to aspirate. The samples are then examined for sperm cells.

  • TESA: TEsticular Sperm Aspiration
  • TESE: TEsticular Sperm Ekstraction
  • PESA: PErcutaneousr Sperm Aspiration
  • MESA: Microsurgical Epydydimal Sperm Aspiration

Normal semen analysis values
Volume: between 1.5-5ml
Concentration: 15 million /ml
Motility: over 50%.
Morphology: over 30% according to WHO or 14% and over according to Kruger’s Strict Criteria.
Progressive motile: must be over 20 %

Varicocele and Azoospermia:
Some studies suggest that azoospermic men with clinical type varicocele might benefit from varicocele surgery. According to research results 50% of patients show resumption of spermatogenesis and 20% report spontaneous pregnancy. Testicular biopsy done before or during surgery will give the doctors an idea of the sucess of the procedure. Men who have immature sperm cells may start sperm production but patients who had no spermatogenesis, previously, do not start producing sperm after varicocele treatment. Consequently azoospermic patients with varicocele who have begun infertility treatment, and have sperm cells found in testicular biopsy, should be treated for varicocele even if they get pregnant through IVF.

Our Patient's Reviews

Please click the button to write a review

I was really happy with the service that we got at Jinepol. However, I wish we had spoke with Dr Selim before making our visit, as we could have spent less time in Turkey. But all praise and thanks is due to ALLAH who has granted us our wish. We are of course especially grateful for the treatment ...

...

Has*** **** / UK

...

Very good and professional, was ready to meet our needs and help us along the journey. I felt a very good personal touch....

*** **** /

Follow up review: My first appointment with Dr Selim, day 10 for an examination. First impression of Jinepol, very impressive, modern, clean state of the art building. Theres no clinical feel and it's location fairly is close to the metro. Dr Selim is very pleasant natured, delightful to talk to...

Follow up review: My first appointment with Dr Selim, day 10 for an examination. First impression of Jinepol, very impressive, modern, clean state of the art building. Theres no clinical feel and it's location fairly is close to the metro. Dr Selim is very pleasant natured, delightful to talk to...

*** **** / England

I have severe endometriosis which was diagnosed at the age of 37 years. After a number of surgeries I was told that both my fallopian tubes were blocked. I underwent IVF at Oxford but all 3 times the embryo failed to implant. Naturally I was very devastated and daunted at the potential cost of fu...

...

Sha*** **** / 37

Wonderful treatment I begin with Dr. Selim very knowledgable , scientific and nice person every note , hint he gives u it's right . He allowed us to call him every time and ask him for advise our guidance .miss ulku the embryo specialist also very scientific and cooperative .the clinic very clean , ...

Jinepol best clinic u might say I'm eager to write but it's a fact I wished I stay in turkey to be close to them but I am from another country I heard about them from a friend who also did an ivf resulted in a twins .of course I recommend this clinic for everyone trying to do ivf of any women health...

Hus*** **** / Iraq

Very good doctor and procedure. Excellent facilities. Price was exactly as quoted....

...

Bri*** **** / Albania

The treatment I received at this clinic was amazing. I felt like they really knew me and cared about me. Especially the embryologist! I originally picked this clinic because of the response from the doctor himself. He seemed knowledgeable and straight forward. There were times throughout IVF I would...

...

Nic*** **** / Canada

My wife and me took two courses of IVF, the second being successful. We are now the proud parents of two wonderful happy little boys. We highly recommend Dr. Selim and his wonderful crew at Jinepol, from the day we walked the clinic we felt welcome and appreciated. The service is outstanding and ev...

Wonderful crew, great facilities. We came from Oman, the clinic is easily reachable from the airport. Dr. Selim is a blessing. Very patient with all our questions. We enjoyed our stay in Istanbul very much, mostly because of the welcoming feeling from Jinepol. Thank you so much!...

Pro*** **** / Oman

"We would highly recommend the Jinepol clinic to absolutely anyone who is considering fertility treatment, no matter where you are in your fertility journey. We recently had the pleasure of finally meeting Dr Selim Senoz after a year of being in communication with him and making our initial enqui...

...

*** **** /

I am writing to let you know how very pleased and impressed we have been with our experience with DR. Selim Senoz and his stuff.My husband and I have struggled with infertility for over 5 years. We went through a very difficult and unsuccessful of three IVF cycle in addition to three rounds of artif...

...

Lul*** **** / US